(redirected from Texts)

A form of written language as used in text messages and other digital communications, characterized by many abbreviations and typically not following standard grammar, spelling, punctuation, and style. The main body of matter in a manuscript, book, etc., as distinguished from notes, appendixes, illustrations, etc. The actual, original words of an author or speaker, as opposed to a translation, paraphrase, or the like. Any of the various forms in which a writing exists: The text is a medieval transcription. Noun any cloth or goods produced by weaving, knitting, or felting. A material, as a fiber or yarn, used in or suitable for weaving: Glass can be used as a textile.

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  • Free Text Messaging. Send and Receive Free Text Messages from your PC for FREE.
  • Text messaging, or texting, is the act of composing and sending electronic messages, typically consisting of alphabetic and numeric characters, between two or more users of mobile devices, desktops/laptops, or other type of compatible computer.
a. The original words of something written or printed, as opposed to a paraphrase, translation, revision, or condensation.
c. Words, as of a libretto, that are set to music in a composition.
e. A text message.
2. The body of a printed work as distinct from headings and illustrative matter on a page or from front and back matter in a book.
3. One of the editions or forms of a written work: After examining all three manuscripts, he published a new text of the poem.
4. Something, such as a literary work or other cultural product, regarded as an object of critical analysis.
5. A passage from the Scriptures or another authoritative source chosen for the subject of a discourse or cited for support in argument.
6. A passage from a written work used as the starting point of a discussion.
8. A textbook.
1. To send a text message to: She texted me when she arrived at the airport.
2. To communicate by text message: He texted that he would be late.
To key or send text messages: She was texting in class and missed what was said.
[Middle English texte, from Old French, from Late Latin textus, written account, from Latin, structure, context, body of a passage, from past participle of texere, to weave, fabricate; see teks- in Indo-European roots.]
American Heritage® Dictionary of the English Language, Fifth Edition. Copyright © 2016 by Houghton Mifflin Harcourt Publishing Company. Published by Houghton Mifflin Harcourt Publishing Company. All rights reserved.


(tɛkst) n
1. (Journalism & Publishing) the main body of a printed or written work as distinct from commentary, notes, illustrations, etc
3. (Education) (often plural) a book prescribed as part of a course of study
4. (Computer Science) computing the words printed, written, or displayed on a visual display unit
5. (Literary & Literary Critical Terms) the original exact wording of a work, esp the Bible, as distinct from a revision or translation
6. (Ecclesiastical Terms) a short passage of the Bible used as a starting point for a sermon or adduced as proof of a doctrine
8. (Printing, Lithography & Bookbinding) printing any one of several styles of letters or types
10. (Telecommunications) short for text message
(Telecommunications) to send a text message from a mobile phone
[C14: from Medieval Latin textus version, from Latin textus texture, from texere to compose]
Collins English Dictionary – Complete and Unabridged, 12th Edition 2014 © HarperCollins Publishers 1991, 1994, 1998, 2000, 2003, 2006, 2007, 2009, 2011, 2014


1. the main body of matter in a manuscript, book, etc., as distinguished from notes, appendixes, illustrations, etc.
2. the actual, original words of an author or speaker, as opposed to a translation, paraphrase, or the like.
3. any of the various forms in which a writing exists: The text is a medieval transcription.
4. the wording adopted by an editor as representing the original words of an author: the authoritative text of Catullus.
6. the words of a song or the like.
8. a short passage of Scripture, esp. one chosen in proof of a doctrine or as the subject of a sermon.
b. type, as distinguished from illustrations, margins, etc.
10. Ling. a unit of connected speech or writing that forms a cohesive whole.
11. anything considered to be a subject for analysis by or as if by methods of literary criticism.
[1300–50; Middle English < Medieval Latin textus text, terms, Latin: weaving pattern, structure]
Random House Kernerman Webster's College Dictionary, © 2010 K Dictionaries Ltd. Copyright 2005, 1997, 1991 by Random House, Inc. All rights reserved.


article1. 'text'

The text of a book or magazine is the main written part of it, rather than the introduction, pictures, or index.

The illustrations and text were beautifully produced.
2. 'article'

You do not refer to a piece of writing written for a newspaper or magazine as a 'text'. You call it an article.

Four years ago Clive Norling wrote an article in the Times.
Collins COBUILD English Usage © HarperCollins Publishers 1992, 2004, 2011, 2012
Noun1.text - the words of something written; 'there were more than a thousand words of text'; 'they handed out the printed text of the mayor's speech'; 'he wants to reconstruct the original text'
column - a page or text that is vertically divided; 'the newspaper devoted several columns to the subject'; 'the bookkeeper used pages that were divided into columns'
matter - written works (especially in books or magazines); 'he always took some reading matter with him on the plane'
cookie - a short line of text that a web site puts on your computer's hard drive when you access the web site
written matter, copy - matter to be printed; exclusive of graphical materials
draft copy, draft - any of the various versions in the development of a written work; 'a preliminary draft'; 'the final draft of the constitution'
electronic text - text that is in a form that computer can store or display on a computer screen
instalment, installment - a part of a published serial
book - a major division of a long written composition; 'the book of Isaiah'
chapter - a subdivision of a written work; usually numbered and titled; 'he read a chapter every night before falling asleep'
foreword, preface, prolusion - a short introductory essay preceding the text of a book
paragraph - one of several distinct subdivisions of a text intended to separate ideas; the beginning is usually marked by a new indented line
passage - a section of text; particularly a section of medium length
publication - a copy of a printed work offered for distribution
letter, missive - a written message addressed to a person or organization; 'mailed an indignant letter to the editor'
line - text consisting of a row of words written across a page or computer screen; 'the letter consisted of three short lines'; 'there are six lines in every stanza'
lipogram - a text that excludes a particular letter or particular letters of the alphabet
lyric, words, language - the text of a popular song or musical-comedy number; 'his compositions always started with the lyrics'; 'he wrote both words and music'; 'the song uses colloquial language'
stanza - a fixed number of lines of verse forming a unit of a poem
2.text - a passage from the Bible that is used as the subject of a sermon; 'the preacher chose a text from Psalms to introduce his sermon'
passage - a section of text; particularly a section of medium length
Christian Bible, Good Book, Holy Scripture, Holy Writ, Scripture, Bible, Word of God, Book, Word - the sacred writings of the Christian religions; 'he went to carry the Word to the heathen'
3.text - a book prepared for use in schools or colleges; 'his economics textbook is in its tenth edition'; 'the professor wrote the text that he assigned students to buy'
book - a written work or composition that has been published (printed on pages bound together); 'I am reading a good book on economics'
introduction - a basic or elementary instructional text
reader - one of a series of texts for students learning to read
4.text - the main body of a written work (as distinct from illustrations or footnotes etc.); 'pictures made the text easier to understand'
matter - written works (especially in books or magazines); 'he always took some reading matter with him on the plane'
Based on WordNet 3.0, Farlex clipart collection. © 2003-2012 Princeton University, Farlex Inc.


1.contents, words, content, wording, body, matter, subject matter, main bodyThe photographs enhance the clarity of the text.
2.words, wordingA CD-ROM can store up to 250,000 pages of text.
3.transcript, scriptthe text of Dr. Runcie's speech
4.reference book, textbook, source, readerreluctant readers of GCSE set texts
5.written work, book, printed work, narrativeWoman functions in Nietzsche's texts as something like a symbol.
6.passage, extract, line, sentence, paragraph, verseI'll read the text aloud first.
7.subject, matter, topic, argument, theme, thesis, motifHis work served as the text of secret debates.
Collins Thesaurus of the English Language – Complete and Unabridged 2nd Edition. 2002 © HarperCollins Publishers 1995, 2002


nounWhat a speech, piece of writing, or artistic work is about:
argument, matter, point, subject, subject matter, theme, topic.
The American Heritage® Roget's Thesaurus. Copyright © 2013, 2014 by Houghton Mifflin Harcourt Publishing Company. Published by Houghton Mifflin Harcourt Publishing Company. All rights reserved.
أحد نُصوص التوراه أو الأناجيلنَصنَصّيُرْسِلُ رِسَالَةً قَصِيرَة
tekstsende en SMS-beskedskriftsted
slati SMStekst
texti dagsinstexti, lesmál
bài văngửi tin nhắn


1. (= written or printed matter) → textom; (= book) → librom de texto; (= subject) → temam (Rel) → pasajem
to stick to one's textno apartarse de su tema
B.VTto ~ sbenviar un mensaje a algn
C.CPDtext editorN (Comput) → editorm de texto
text messageNmensajem de texto
text messagingN(envío m de) mensajes mpl de texto
text processingNprocesom de textos, tratamientom de textos
text processorNprocesadorm de textos
Collins Spanish Dictionary - Complete and Unabridged 8th Edition 2005 © William Collins Sons & Co. Ltd. 1971, 1988 © HarperCollins Publishers 1992, 1993, 1996, 1997, 2000, 2003, 2005



Textes De Lecture Pour Enfants

(= written version) [speech, interview, play] → textem
(alsotext message) → SMSm, textom
vt (= send text message to) → envoyer un SMS à, envoyer un texto à
vi (= send text messages) → envoyer des SMS, envoyer des textos
Collins English/French Electronic Resource. © HarperCollins Publishers 2005


Textm; to restore a textden Originaltextwiederherstellen
vtto text somebody (on mobile phone) → jdm eine Textnachricht orSMSschicken


: textbook
adjtext caseParadefallm; text knowledge(Lehr)buchwissennt; text landingBilderbuchlandungf
text box
text editor
text frame


text input
text label
text message
text messaging
text mode
text processing
text processor
nTextverarbeitungssystemnt; (= software also)Textsystemnt
Collins German Dictionary – Complete and Unabridged 7th Edition 2005. © William Collins Sons & Co. Ltd. 1980 © HarperCollins Publishers 1991, 1997, 1999, 2004, 2005, 2007
Collins Italian Dictionary 1st Edition © HarperCollins Publishers 1995


(tekst) noun
1. in a book, the written or printed words, as opposed to the illustrations, notes etc. First the text was printed, then the drawings added. teks نَص текст texto text der Text tekst κείμενοtexto tekst متن teksti texteטקסט पाठ tekst szöveg teks texti, lesmál testo 本文 본문 tekstas teksts teks teksttekstteksttexto text текст text besedilo tekst text เนื้อหา metin, tekst 本文,正文 текст عبارت nguyên văn 本文,正文
2. a passage from the Bible about which a sermon is preached. He preached on a text from St John's gospel. teks, teksverse أحد نُصوص التوراه أو الأناجيل проповед texto biblický citát die Bibelstelle skriftsted απόσπασμα, χωρίοtexto piiblisalm نقل قول؛ شاهد teksti texte פְּסוּקִים विषय वाक्य mjesto ili citat iz Svetog Pisma textus bab texti dagsins testo 聖句 성경구절 ištrauka (iš Biblijos) vieta (Bībelē) ayat bijbeltekst bibel-/skriftsted temattexto text (biblic) цитата из Библии biblický citát citat iz biblije tekst iz biblije [bibel]text ข้อความสั้น ๆ İncil'den kısa bir parça 《聖經》的經文(句) цитата з Біблії بائبل کا اقتباس đoạn trích từ kinh thánh 《圣经》的经文(句)
ˈtextbook noun
a book used in teaching, giving the main facts about a subject. a history textbook. handboek كِتاب مَدْرَسي учебник livro texto učebnice das Lehrbuch lærebog σχολικό βιβλίοlibro de texto õpik کتاب درسی؛ کتاب حاوی اصول هر چیز oppikirja manuel סֵפֶר לִימוּד पाठ्य पुस्तक udžbenik tankönyv buku teks kennslubók manuale, libro di testo 教科書 교과서 vadovėlis mācību grāmata buku teks studieboeklærebokpodręcznik livro de texto manual учебник učebnica učbenik udžbenik lärobok หนังสือเรียน ders kitabı 教科書, 課本 підручник, посібник نصابي کتاب sách giáo khoa 教科书,课本
Kernerman English Multilingual Dictionary © 2006-2013 K Dictionaries Ltd.


نَصّ, يُرْسِلُ رِسَالَةً قَصِيرَة poslat textovou zprávu, text sende en SMS-besked, tekstText, textenκείμενο, στέλνω μήνυμα κειμένουenviar un SMS, enviar un texto, texto lähettää tekstiviesti, tekstienvoyer un texto, texte slati SMS, tekstTextesmandare sms, testo テキストメッセージを送る, 本文 문자 메시지를 보내다, 본문sms'en, teksttekst, tekstenapisać krótką wiadomość, tekstenviar uma mensagem de texto, textoотправлять текстовое сообщение, текст sms:a, text เนื้อหา, ส่งข้อความทางโทรศัพท์มือถือmesaj atmak, metin bài văn, gửi tin nhắn发送手机信息, 文案
Multilingual Translator © HarperCollins Publishers 2009
  • Could you text me your answer? (US)
    Can you text me your answer? (UK)
Collins Multilingual Translator © HarperCollins Publishers 2009

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Textus Receptus

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(Redirected from Catalogue des Textes Hittites)

The corpus of texts written in the Hittite language is indexed by the Catalogue des Textes Hittites (CTH, since 1971).[1] The catalogue is only a classification of texts; it does not give the texts. One traditionally cites texts by their numbers in CTH. Major sources for studies of selected texts themselves are the books of the StBoT series and the online Textzeugnisse der Hethiter.[2]

CTH numbering scheme[edit]

The texts are classified as follows:

  • Historical Texts (CTH 1–220)
  • Administrative Texts (CTH 221–290)
  • Legal Texts (CTH 291–298)
  • Lexical Texts (CTH 299–309)
  • Literary Texts (CTH 310–320)
  • Mythological Texts (CTH 321–370)
  • Hymns and Prayers (CTH 371–389)
  • Ritual Texts (CTH 390–500)
  • Cult Inventory Texts (CTH 501–530)
  • Omen and Oracle Texts (CTH 531–582)
  • Vows (CTH 583–590)
  • Festival Texts (CTH 591–724)
  • Texts in Other Languages (CTH 725–830)
  • Texts of Unknown Type (CTH 831–833)

Selected texts[edit]

Some Wikipedia articles dedicated to specific Hittite texts follow. More are to be found as sections of other articles.

Old Kingdom[edit]

New Kingdom[edit]

  • Kikkuli's horse training instructions

See also[edit]


  1. ^Laroche, Emmanuel (1971). Catalogue des textes hittites. Études et commentaires, 75 (in French). Paris. The first edition came out in 1956. A supplement was published in 1972: Laroche, Emmanuel (1972). 'Catalogue des Textes Hittites, premier supplément'. Revue hittite et asianique. XXX: 94–133.
  2. ^'Textzeugnisse der Hethiter (Hethitologie Portal Mainz)' (in German, French, Italian, and English). Gerfrid G.W. Müller & Gernot Wilhelm. 2002–2013.


  • Gary M. Beckman, Harry A. Hoffner, Hittite diplomatic texts, volume 7 of Writings from the ancient world, Scholars Press, 1999, ISBN978-0-7885-0551-5.

External links[edit]

  • Košak, Silvin (2002–2012). 'Konkordanz der hethitisches Keilschrifttafeln (Hittite text concordance database)' (in German). Gertrid G.W. Müller.
  • Martínez García, Javier; Gippert, Jost; Korn, Agnes (2010). 'Index'. Thesaurus Indogermanischer Text- und Sprachmaterialien (TITUS). Membership required for some databases. Other databases under construction.
  • 'Index of Texts'. Hittites.info. 2000. Selection of Hittite Texts in Translation.
  • 'Textzeugnisse der Hethiter (Hethitologie Portal Mainz)'. This database currently contains transliterations and translations of Hittite state treaties, decrees, myths, and rituals.
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