10/7/2021

Rules

57

By law, federal agencies such as ATF must consult the public when creating, modifying, or deleting rules in the Code of Federal Regulations. This is an annual publication that lists the official and complete text of federal agency regulations. Rules allow you to move, flag, and respond to email messages automatically. You can also use rules to play sounds, move messages to folders, or display new item alerts. The easiest and most common rule to create is one that allows you to move an item from a certain sender or with certain words in the subject line to another folder.

These are the Federal Rules of Civil Procedure, as amended to December 1, 2020 1. Click on any rule to read it.

  1. RULES OF CIVIL PROCEDURE FOR THE UNITED STATES DISTRICT COURTS
  2. TITLE I. SCOPE OF RULES; FORM OF ACTION
    1. Rule 1. Scope and Purpose
    2. Rule 2. One Form of Action
  3. TITLE II. COMMENCING AN ACTION; SERVICE OF PROCESS, PLEADINGS, MOTIONS, AND ORDERS
    1. Rule 3. Commencing an Action
    2. Rule 4. Summons
    3. Rule 4.1. Serving Other Process
    4. Rule 5. Serving and Filing Pleadings and Other Papers
    5. Rule 5.1. Constitutional Challenge to a Statute—Notice, Certification, and Intervention
    6. Rule 5.2. Privacy Protection For Filings Made with the Court
    7. Rule 6. Computing and Extending Time; Time for Motion Papers
  4. TITLE III. PLEADINGS AND MOTIONS
    1. Rule 7. Pleadings Allowed; Form of Motions and Other Papers
    2. Rule 7.1. Disclosure Statement
    3. Rule 8. General Rules of Pleading
    4. Rule 9. Pleading Special Matters
    5. Rule 10. Form of Pleadings
    6. Rule 11. Signing Pleadings, Motions, and Other Papers; Representations to the Court; Sanctions
    7. Rule 12. Defenses and Objections: When and How Presented; Motion for Judgment on the Pleadings; Consolidating Motions; Waiving Defenses; Pretrial Hearing
    8. Rule 13. Counterclaim and Crossclaim
    9. Rule 14. Third-Party Practice
    10. Rule 15. Amended and Supplemental Pleadings
    11. Rule 16. Pretrial Conferences; Scheduling; Management
  5. TITLE IV. PARTIES
    1. Rule 17. Plaintiff and Defendant; Capacity; Public Officers
    2. Rule 18. Joinder of Claims
    3. Rule 19. Required Joinder of Parties
    4. Rule 20. Permissive Joinder of Parties
    5. Rule 21. Misjoinder and Nonjoinder of Parties
    6. Rule 22. Interpleader
    7. Rule 23. Class Actions
    8. Rule 23.1. Derivative Actions
    9. Rule 23.2. Actions Relating to Unincorporated Associations
    10. Rule 24. Intervention
    11. Rule 25. Substitution of Parties
  6. TITLE V. DISCLOSURES AND DISCOVERY
    1. Rule 26. Duty to Disclose; General Provisions Governing Discovery
    2. Rule 27. Depositions to Perpetuate Testimony
    3. Rule 28. Persons Before Whom Depositions May Be Taken
    4. Rule 29. Stipulations About Discovery Procedure
    5. Rule 30. Depositions by Oral Examination
    6. Rule 31. Depositions by Written Questions
    7. Rule 32. Using Depositions in Court Proceedings
    8. Rule 33. Interrogatories to Parties
    9. Rule 34. Producing Documents, Electronically Stored Information, and Tangible Things, or Entering onto Land, for Inspection and Other Purposes
    10. Rule 35. Physical and Mental Examinations
    11. Rule 36. Requests for Admission
    12. Rule 37. Failure to Make Disclosures or to Cooperate in Discovery; Sanctions
  7. TITLE VI. TRIALS
    1. Rule 38. Right to a Jury Trial; Demand
    2. Rule 39. Trial by Jury or by the Court
    3. Rule 40. Scheduling Cases for Trial
    4. Rule 41. Dismissal of Actions
    5. Rule 42. Consolidation; Separate Trials
    6. Rule 43. Taking Testimony
    7. Rule 44. Proving an Official Record
    8. Rule 44.1. Determining Foreign Law
    9. Rule 45. Subpoena
    10. Rule 46. Objecting to a Ruling or Order
    11. Rule 47. Selecting Jurors
    12. Rule 48. Number of Jurors; Verdict; Polling
    13. Rule 49. Special Verdict; General Verdict and Questions
    14. Rule 50. Judgment as a Matter of Law in a Jury Trial; Related Motion for a New Trial; Conditional Ruling
    15. Rule 51. Instructions to the Jury; Objections; Preserving a Claim of Error
    16. Rule 52. Findings and Conclusions by the Court; Judgment on Partial Findings
    17. Rule 53. Masters
  8. TITLE VII. JUDGMENT
    1. Rule 54. Judgment; Costs
    2. Rule 55. Default; Default Judgment
    3. Rule 56. Summary Judgment
    4. Rule 57. Declaratory Judgment
    5. Rule 58. Entering Judgment
    6. Rule 59. New Trial; Altering or Amending a Judgment
    7. Rule 60. Relief from a Judgment or Order
    8. Rule 61. Harmless Error
    9. Rule 62. Stay of Proceedings to Enforce a Judgment
    10. Rule 62.1. Indicative Ruling on a Motion for Relief That is Barred by a Pending Appeal
    11. Rule 63. Judge's Inability to Proceed
  9. TITLE VIII. PROVISIONAL AND FINAL REMEDIES
    1. Rule 64. Seizing a Person or Property
    2. Rule 65. Injunctions and Restraining Orders
    3. Rule 65.1. Proceedings Against a Security Provider
    4. Rule 66. Receivers
    5. Rule 67. Deposit into Court
    6. Rule 68. Offer of Judgment
    7. Rule 69. Execution
    8. Rule 70. Enforcing a Judgment for a Specific Act
    9. Rule 71. Enforcing Relief For or Against a Nonparty
  10. TITLE IX. SPECIAL PROCEEDINGS
    1. Rule 71.1. Condemning Real or Personal Property
    2. Rule 72. Magistrate Judges: Pretrial Order
    3. Rule 73. Magistrate Judges: Trial by Consent; Appeal
    4. Rule 74. [Abrogated (Apr. 11, 1997, eff. Dec. 1, 1997).]
    5. Rule 75. [Abrogated (Apr. 11, 1997, eff. Dec. 1, 1997).]
    6. Rule 76. [Abrogated (Apr. 11, 1997, eff. Dec. 1, 1997).]
    7. [Rule 71A. Renumbered Rule 71.1]
  11. TITLE X. DISTRICT COURTS AND CLERKS: CONDUCTING BUSINESS; ISSUING ORDERS
    1. Rule 77. Conducting Business; Clerk's Authority; Notice of an Order or Judgment
    2. Rule 78. Hearing Motions; Submission on Briefs
    3. Rule 79. Records Kept by the Clerk
    4. Rule 80. Stenographic Transcript as Evidence
  12. TITLE XI. GENERAL PROVISIONS
    1. Rule 81. Applicability of the Rules in General; Removed Actions
    2. Rule 82. Jurisdiction and Venue Unaffected
    3. Rule 83. Rules by District Courts; Judge's Directives
    4. Rule 84. Abrogated, eff. Dec. 1, 2015
    5. Rule 85. Title
    6. Rule 86. Effective Dates
  13. XII. APPENDIX OF FORMS (U.S. Courts site)
  14. XIII. SUPPLEMENTAL RULES FOR ADMIRALTY OR MARITIME CLAIMS AND ASSET FORFEITURE ACTIONS
    1. Rule A. Scope of Rules
    2. Rule B. In Personam Actions: Attachment and Garnishment
    3. Rule C. In Rem Actions: Special Provisions
    4. Rule D. Possessory, Petitory, and Partition Actions
    5. Rule E. Actions in Rem and Quasi in Rem: General Provisions
    6. Rule F. Limitation of Liability
    7. Rule G. Forfeiture Actions in Rem

Historical Note

The original Rules of Civil Procedure for the District Courts were adopted by order of the Supreme Court on Dec. 20, 1937, transmitted to Congress by the Attorney General on Jan. 3, 1938, and became effective on Sept. 16, 1938.

The Rules have been amended Dec. 28, 1939, eff. Apr. 3, 1941; Dec. 27, 1946, eff. Mar. 19, 1948; Dec. 29, 1948, eff. Oct. 20, 1949; Apr. 30, 1951, eff. Aug. 1, 1951; Apr. 17, 1961, eff. July 19, 1961; Jan. 21, 1963, eff. July 1, 1963; Feb. 28, 1966, eff. July 1, 1966; Dec. 4, 1967, eff. July 1, 1968; Mar. 30, 1970, eff. July 1, 1970; Mar. 1, 1971, eff. July 1, 1971; Nov. 20, 1972, and Dec. 18, 1972, eff. July 1, 1975; Apr. 29, 1980, eff. Aug. 1, 1980; Oct. 21, 1980, Pub. L. 96–481, title II, §205(a), (b), 94 Stat. 2330; Jan. 12, 1983, Pub. L. 97–462, §§2–4, 96 Stat. 2527–2530, eff. Feb. 26, 1983; Apr. 28, 1983, eff. Aug. 1, 1983; Apr. 29, 1985, eff. Aug. 1, 1985; Mar. 2, 1987, eff. Aug. 1, 1987; Apr. 25, 1988, eff. Aug. 1, 1988; Nov. 18, 1988, Pub. L. 100–690, title VII, §§7047(b), 7049, 7050, 102 Stat. 4401; Apr. 30, 1991, eff. Dec. 1, 1991; Dec. 9, 1991, Pub. L. 102–198, §11, 105 Stat. 1626; Apr. 22, 1993, eff. Dec. 1, 1993; Apr. 27, 1995, eff. Dec. 1, 1995; Apr. 23, 1996, eff. Dec. 1, 1996; Apr. 11, 1997, eff. Dec. 1, 1997; Apr. 24, 1998, eff. Dec. 1, 1998; Apr. 26, 1999, eff. Dec. 1, 1999; Apr. 17, 2000, eff. Dec. 1, 2000; Apr. 23, 2001, eff. Dec. 1, 2001; Apr. 29, 2002, eff. Dec. 1, 2002; Mar. 27, 2003, eff. Dec. 1, 2003; Apr. 25, 2005, eff. Dec. 1, 2005; Apr. 12, 2006, eff. Dec. 1, 2006; Apr. 30, 2007, eff. Dec. 1, 2007; Apr. 23, 2008, eff. Dec. 1, 2008; Mar. 26, 2009, eff. Dec. 1, 2009; Apr. 28, 2010, eff. Dec. 1, 2010; Apr. 2013, eff. Dec. 1, 2013; Apr. 25, 2014, eff. Dec. 1, 2014; Apr. 29, 2015, eff. Dec. 1, 2015; Apr. 28, 2016, eff. Dec 1, 2016.

Rules

References to Equity Rules

The Federal Rules of Civil Procedure supplant the Equity Rules since in general they cover the field now covered by the Equity Rules and the Conformity Act (former section 724 of this title).

This table shows the Equity Rules to which references are made in the notes to the Federal Rules of Civil Procedure.

Rules
Equity RulesFederal Rules of Civil Procedure
177
277
379
477
577
678
74, 70
86, 70
970
1018, 54
1171
123, 4, 5, 12, 55
134
144
154, 45
166, 55
1755
187, 8
191, 15, 61
2012
2111, 12
221
231, 39
2411
258, 9, 10, 19
2618, 20, 82
2723
2815
297, 12, 42, 55
308, 13, 82
317, 8, 12, 55
3215
337, 12
3415
3515
3611
3717, 19, 20, 24
3823
3919
4020
4117
4219, 20
4312, 21
4412, 21
4525
4643, 61
4726
4843
4953
5030, 80
5130, 53
5245, 53
5353
5426
5530
5640
5740
5826, 33, 34, 36
5953
6053
6153
611/253
6253
6353
6426
6553
6653
6753
6853
6959
7017
701/252
7154
7260, 61
7365
7462
7575
7675
7776
7843
7983
806
8186
(Redirected from Rules)
Look up rule or ruling in Wiktionary, the free dictionary.
Wikiquote has quotations related to: Rules
Wikiquote has quotations related to: Rulers

Rule or ruling may refer to:

Human activity[edit]

  • The exercise of political or personal control by someone with authority or power
  • Business rule, a rule pertaining to the structure or behavior internal to a business
  • School rule, a rule that is part of school discipline
  • Sport rule, a rule that defines how a sport is played
  • Game rule, a rule that defines how a game is played
  • Moral, a rule or element of a moral code for guiding choices in human behavior
  • Norm (philosophy), a kind of sentence or a reason to act, feel or believe
  • Rule of thumb, a principle with broad application that is not intended to be strictly accurate or reliable for every situation
  • Unspoken rule, an assumed rule of human behavior that is not voiced or written down

Science[edit]

  • Rule of inference or transformation rule, a term in logic for a function which takes premises and returns a conclusion
  • Phrase structure rule or rewrite rule, used in some theories of linguistics
  • 'Rule X' elementary cellular automaton, where X is a number between 0-255 characterizing a specific model (e.g. Rule 110)
  • Ruler, or 'rule'; a distance measuring device
  • Social norm, explicit or implicit rules used within society or by a group

Law and government[edit]

Example of rules from sign at Atlantic City Beach
  • Advance tax ruling, a tool for conforming taxation arrangements
  • Court order, a decision by a court
  • In rulemaking by the federal government of the United States, a regulation mandated by Congress, but written or expanded upon by the executive branch
  • Law, which may informally be called a 'rule'
  • Military rule, governance by a military body
  • Monastic rule, a collection of precepts that guides the life of monks or nuns in a religious order
  • Procedural law, a ruleset governing the application of laws to cases
  • Rule of law, government based not on arbitrary decisions of officials but on laws

Geography[edit]

  • Rule, Texas, a town in Texas, United States

Rules Of Civility

Literature[edit]

  • The Rules, bestselling self-help book
  • Rules (novel), 2007 Newbery Honor book by Cynthia Lord
  • 'The Rulers', a science fiction short story by A. E. van Vogt

Music[edit]

  • Ja Rule (born 1976), hip hop artist

Albums[edit]

  • R.U.L.E., a 2005 greatest hits album by Ja Rule
  • Rule, an album by Japanese rock singer Anna Tsuchiya
  • Rules (album), a 2009 album by the band The Whitest Boy Alive

Songs[edit]

  • 'Rule' (song), a 2001 song by rapper Nas
  • 'Rule/Sparkle', a 2009 song by Ayumi Hamasaki
  • 'Rules' (song), a 1996 KMFDM song
  • 'Rules' (Shakira song), a 2001 Shakira song on her album Laundry Service
  • 'Rules' (Doja Cat song), a 2019 song by Doja Cat from her album Hot Pink

Rules Of Basketball

Other uses[edit]

  • Ruler (film), a 2019 Telugu-language film
  • Rules: Pyaar Ka Superhit Formula, a 2003 Bollywood film
  • rule: a snippet of code which can perform email filtering
  • Rule (horse) (born 2007), American racehorse
  • RULE Royal University of Law and Economics, Cambodia
  • Rules (restaurant), upscale English restaurant in London

See also[edit]

Rules Of Engagement

  • Debate (parliamentary procedure) for rules governing discussion on the merits of a pending question.

Rules Of Mahjong

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